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市(shi)(shi)市(shi)(shi)场监管局(ju)“三个坚持(chi)”强化化妆品安全监管

信息来(lai)源(yuan):市市场监督管理局(ju) 发布日期:2021-05-13 16:10 浏览(lan)次数:

作为化(hua)妆品行业(ye)监管(guan)部门(men),近年(nian)来,市市场监管(guan)局一手抓化(hua)妆品案件查(cha)办,坚守(shou)人(ren)民群众用妆安全的底线(xian);一手抓机制(zhi)建设,努力(li)拉高稽查(cha)执法(fa)工作标(biao)线(xian),更高水平提升人(ren)民群众用妆安全指数(shu)。

坚持(chi)源头治(zhi)理(li)(li),查(cha)(cha)办(ban)大案(an)(an)要案(an)(an)。在实践工作(zuo)中(zhong),坚持(chi)底(di)线(xian)思(si)维,突出(chu)精准治(zhi)理(li)(li),建立(li)“三张清单(dan)(dan)(dan)”,源头防控违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)为的发(fa)(fa)(fa)生(sheng)。一(yi)是(shi)重(zhong)点(dian)品(pin)(pin)种清单(dan)(dan)(dan),即常见的抽检合格(ge)率低(di)、投诉举(ju)报(bao)多、不良反应(ying)发(fa)(fa)(fa)生(sheng)率高(gao)的品(pin)(pin)种。二是(shi)重(zhong)点(dian)单(dan)(dan)(dan)位(wei)清单(dan)(dan)(dan),即辖(xia)区(qu)(qu)内化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)的专营店、体验店、美(mei)容美(mei)发(fa)(fa)(fa)、医美(mei)机(ji)构等重(zhong)点(dian)单(dan)(dan)(dan)位(wei)底(di)数及其经营情况清单(dan)(dan)(dan)。三是(shi)违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)主(zhu)体清单(dan)(dan)(dan),即通(tong)过收集(ji)分析各类来源信息(xi),建立(li)有(you)化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)相关违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)记录的主(zhu)体清单(dan)(dan)(dan)。通(tong)过“三张清单(dan)(dan)(dan)”的建立(li)与使用(yong)(yong),实现了(le)(le)(le)对(dui)化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)为的早发(fa)(fa)(fa)现、早预(yu)警、早处置。2020年4月,从(cong)(cong)一(yi)起(qi)普通(tong)消费者投诉入手,上追5级,成(cheng)功(gong)查(cha)(cha)办(ban)了(le)(le)(le)“4•26”特(te)大化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)案(an)(an)件(jian),捣(dao)毁非法(fa)(fa)制售(shou)化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)窝点(dian)7处,抓获犯(fan)罪嫌疑人17人,查(cha)(cha)获大量违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)及生(sheng)产设(she)备,涉(she)案(an)(an)金额超(chao)亿元。该案(an)(an)涉(she)及众多违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)主(zhu)体,违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)为隐蔽、持(chi)续时间长、牵涉(she)区(qu)(qu)域(yu)广,呈现“链(lian)条化+网络化”特(te)点(dian),从(cong)(cong)半成(cheng)品(pin)(pin)研配到成(cheng)品(pin)(pin)分装、生(sheng)产,再(zai)到销售(shou)、使用(yong)(yong),违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)主(zhu)体呈链(lian)式(shi)紧密衔接;区(qu)(qu)域(yu)经销商遍布全国(guo)各地,辐射范(fan)围十分广泛。该案(an)(an)的查(cha)(cha)办(ban)做到“深度挖掘”案(an)(an)件(jian)线(xian)索,一(yi)举(ju)将(jiang)原料、加工、供应(ying)、销售(shou)等环节(jie)违(wei)(wei)法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)为“一(yi)网打尽(jin)”,有(you)力震慑了(le)(le)(le)犯(fan)罪分子,切实守护了(le)(le)(le)公众用(yong)(yong)妆(zhuang)安(an)全。2021年1月,国(guo)家药品(pin)(pin)监(jian)督(du)管理(li)(li)局专门发(fa)(fa)(fa)文表扬,这(zhei)也是(shi)该局连续2年因(yin)为化妆(zhuang)品(pin)(pin)案(an)(an)件(jian)查(cha)(cha)办(ban)工作(zuo)成(cheng)效突出(chu)被(bei)国(guo)家局通(tong)报(bao)表扬。

坚持(chi)标本(ben)兼(jian)治,力(li)破(po)行(xing)(xing)(xing)业(ye)顽疾。针对化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)业(ye)出现的新情况、新问题,坚持(chi)每年开展(zhan)1-2次行(xing)(xing)(xing)业(ye)性(xing)的专项执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)(xing)动,整治范(fan)围(wei)涵盖(gai)美(mei)容美(mei)发(fa)机(ji)构、化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)销售商(shang)户、婴幼(you)儿(er)用(yong)(yong)品(pin)店等(deng)(deng)(deng)重(zhong)(zhong)点单(dan)位,突出农村、城(cheng)乡(xiang)接合部(bu)、网络(luo)(电商(shang)、微(wei)商(shang))等(deng)(deng)(deng)重(zhong)(zhong)点领域,着(zhe)重(zhong)(zhong)对无合法(fa)(fa)来源进(jin)口(kou)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)、非法(fa)(fa)添加(jia)禁用(yong)(yong)组分、超限(xian)量添加(jia)限(xian)用(yong)(yong)组分、虚假(jia)宣传(chuan)、侵犯注册(ce)商(shang)标专用(yong)(yong)权等(deng)(deng)(deng)违法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)(xing)为进(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)靶(ba)向打击。2019年以来,累计查(cha)办化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)案件(jian)62件(jian),货值金额472.65万元,罚没款(kuan)565.19万元,移送司法(fa)(fa)机(ji)关6件(jian)。同时,在集中执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)行(xing)(xing)(xing)动开展(zhan)过程中,遴选、组建了(le)20余人(ren)(ren)组成(cheng)的化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)办案人(ren)(ren)才(cai)库(ku),通过联合稽查(cha)、交叉执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)、挂(gua)牌督办等(deng)(deng)(deng)方式(shi)(shi),定期或实时选派稽查(cha)骨干参与重(zhong)(zhong)大专项行(xing)(xing)(xing)动、跨区域重(zhong)(zhong)大案件(jian)查(cha)办等(deng)(deng)(deng)工作(zuo),充分调动了(le)全(quan)系统(tong)(tong)(tong)稽查(cha)执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)人(ren)(ren)员查(cha)办化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)案件(jian)的主动性(xing)和(he)积极性(xing)。在此(ci)基础(chu)上,逐步(bu)形(xing)成(cheng)了(le)“五统(tong)(tong)(tong)一(yi)”的化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)妆(zhuang)品(pin)执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)稽查(cha)模式(shi)(shi),即“统(tong)(tong)(tong)一(yi)工作(zuo)部(bu)署、统(tong)(tong)(tong)一(yi)执(zhi)法(fa)(fa)尺(chi)度、统(tong)(tong)(tong)一(yi)集中行(xing)(xing)(xing)动、统(tong)(tong)(tong)一(yi)跟(gen)踪指(zhi)导、统(tong)(tong)(tong)一(yi)分析评判”,形(xing)成(cheng)“全(quan)域覆盖(gai)、全(quan)员参与、全(quan)程协作(zuo)”的工作(zuo)格局,查(cha)处一(yi)批(pi)关系民生、影响(xiang)发(fa)展(zhan)的“大要特新”案件(jian),有力(li)规范(fan)了(le)行(xing)(xing)(xing)业(ye)秩(zhi)序。

坚(jian)持机(ji)(ji)制建设(she),形成(cheng)执法(fa)(fa)(fa)合(he)力。结合(he)化(hua)(hua)妆品(pin)(pin)(pin)执法(fa)(fa)(fa)工作(zuo)(zuo)的特点(dian),积极构建“上(shang)(shang)下(xia)联(lian)(lian)动、查(cha)(cha)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)协作(zuo)(zuo)、行刑(xing)衔(xian)(xian)接(jie)(jie)(jie)、数(shu)据(ju)共享(xiang)”四(si)(si)大(da)(da)机(ji)(ji)制,为案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)办(ban)奠定了(le)坚(jian)实(shi)的基础(chu)。一是上(shang)(shang)下(xia)联(lian)(lian)动机(ji)(ji)制。建立(li)了(le)“省局织网(wang)、市局撒网(wang)、县(xian)局拉网(wang)”一体(ti)联(lian)(lian)动、指(zhi)挥到底的案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)办(ban)体(ti)系。在(zai)具(ju)体(ti)案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)办(ban)过程中,第一时间向省局、国家局报告(gao)工作(zuo)(zuo)进(jin)展(zhan)情况,积极指(zhi)导、跟进(jin)案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)办(ban)进(jin)度,既分工明确,又通(tong)(tong)力协作(zuo)(zuo),实(shi)现(xian)了(le)1+1+1>3的聚力效(xiao)(xiao)应(ying)。二是查(cha)(cha)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)协作(zuo)(zuo)机(ji)(ji)制。灵活运(yun)用快检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)和(he)法(fa)(fa)(fa)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)手(shou)段对涉案(an)(an)(an)(an)产(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)开展(zhan)定性(xing)(xing)定量分析,在(zai)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)(ji)构开辟(pi)涉案(an)(an)(an)(an)产(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验绿(lv)色(se)通(tong)(tong)道,优(you)先(xian)(xian)受理、优(you)先(xian)(xian)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测、优(you)先(xian)(xian)出具(ju)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验报告(gao)书(shu),增(zeng)(zeng)强(qiang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian)技(ji)术支撑。三是行刑(xing)衔(xian)(xian)接(jie)(jie)(jie)机(ji)(ji)制。强(qiang)化(hua)(hua)市场监(jian)管部门与(yu)司(si)(si)法(fa)(fa)(fa)机(ji)(ji)关的联(lian)(lian)系,完善市场监(jian)管与(yu)法(fa)(fa)(fa)院(yuan)、检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)察院(yuan)、公安(an)四(si)(si)方协商(shang)机(ji)(ji)制,制定出台《行政执法(fa)(fa)(fa)和(he)刑(xing)事司(si)(si)法(fa)(fa)(fa)衔(xian)(xian)接(jie)(jie)(jie)工作(zuo)(zuo)四(si)(si)方联(lian)(lian)席会(hui)议(yi)制度》,牵头召开化(hua)(hua)妆品(pin)(pin)(pin)案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian)两法(fa)(fa)(fa)衔(xian)(xian)接(jie)(jie)(jie)会(hui)议(yi)。涉及重大(da)(da)疑难复杂案(an)(an)(an)(an)件(jian)(jian),商(shang)请司(si)(si)法(fa)(fa)(fa)机(ji)(ji)关提前介入(ru),建立(li)与(yu)司(si)(si)法(fa)(fa)(fa)机(ji)(ji)关紧(jin)密型互(hu)动,增(zeng)(zeng)强(qiang)打(da)击化(hua)(hua)妆品(pin)(pin)(pin)违(wei)法(fa)(fa)(fa)犯罪的精准性(xing)(xing)和(he)有效(xiao)(xiao)性(xing)(xing)。四(si)(si)是数(shu)据(ju)共享(xiang)机(ji)(ji)制。深(shen)化(hua)(hua)与(yu)阿里巴(ba)巴(ba)、腾讯等电商(shang)平(ping)台合(he)作(zuo)(zuo),进(jin)一步扩大(da)(da)案(an)(an)(an)(an)源线索(suo),通(tong)(tong)过信息(xi)互(hu)通(tong)(tong)、实(shi)时数(shu)据(ju)共享(xiang)等网(wang)络技(ji)术手(shou)段,织好(hao)“线上(shang)(shang)线下(xia)打(da)假(jia)”一张网(wang)。


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