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泰(tai)州(zhou)PPI与IPI“剪刀差(cha)”逐月扩大

信(xin)息来源:国家统(tong)计局泰州调(diao)查队 发布(bu)日期(qi):2021-05-24 12:36 浏览次数:

泰州工业(ye)生产者(zhe)价格(ge)调查显示:1-4月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)泰州PPI(出厂价格(ge)指(zhi)数)同(tong)比上涨(zhang)2.2%,IPI(购进价格(ge)指(zhi)数)同(tong)比上涨(zhang)6.7%,IPI涨(zhang)幅高(gao)于PPI 涨(zhang)幅4.5个(ge)百分(fen)点。分(fen)月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)来(lai)看(kan),1-4月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)各月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)PPI涨(zhang)幅分(fen)别(bie)为0.7%、1.1%、2.9%和(he)3.9%,IPI涨(zhang)幅分(fen)别(bie)为2.4%、4.7%、7.9%和(he)12.2%。走(zou)势(shi)上,PPI、IPI涨(zhang)幅均逐月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)攀升,但IPI涨(zhang)幅更高(gao),且各月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)差距呈扩大之势(shi),1-4月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)各月(yue)(yue)(yue)(yue)两者(zhe)涨(zhang)幅差分(fen)别(bie)达1.7、3.6、5.0和(he)8.3个(ge)百分(fen)点。

PPI是(shi)反映一定(ding)时(shi)期工(gong)(gong)业产(chan)品(pin)出(chu)厂价(jia)(jia)格变动(dong)(dong)的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要指(zhi)标,IPI是(shi)反映一定(ding)时(shi)期生产(chan)工(gong)(gong)业产(chan)品(pin)所需(xu)原材料(liao)(liao)、燃(ran)料(liao)(liao)、动(dong)(dong)力购进价(jia)(jia)格变动(dong)(dong)的(de)指(zhi)标。受美(mei)国财政(zheng)刺激计划(hua)及(ji)国内工(gong)(gong)业经济(ji)增(zeng)速加快等(deng)(deng)多重(zhong)(zhong)因素影(ying)响,去年(nian)下半(ban)年(nian)以来,国际大宗商品(pin)价(jia)(jia)格呈现持续上涨(zhang)走(zou)势,原油、矿石等(deng)(deng)初级(ji)产(chan)品(pin)价(jia)(jia)格上涨(zhang),推动(dong)(dong)化工(gong)(gong)、钢(gang)铁、有(you)色金(jin)属(shu)等(deng)(deng)全(quan)产(chan)业链(lian)连锁涨(zhang)价(jia)(jia)。由于工(gong)(gong)业经济(ji)中下游(you)对上游(you)产(chan)品(pin)涨(zhang)价(jia)(jia)的(de)转移能力偏弱,随着(zhe)时(shi)间推移、涨(zhang)价(jia)(jia)的(de)延(yan)续及(ji)传(chuan)递的(de)滞后,造成当前工(gong)(gong)业企(qi)业产(chan)品(pin)价(jia)(jia)格出(chu)现高进低(di)出(chu)的(de)“剪(jian)刀(dao)差”现象(xiang),并呈逐月扩大趋势。由于泰州属(shu)于工(gong)(gong)业加工(gong)(gong)型城市,面对PPI与IPI“剪(jian)刀(dao)差”,降本增(zeng)效是(shi)企(qi)业应(ying)对首选之策;同(tong)步提高产(chan)品(pin)出(chu)厂价(jia)(jia)格最为直接(jie),但(dan)实(shi)施(shi)困难;摊薄企(qi)业利润、甚至亏损实(shi)属(shu)无奈。


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